Promoting Elections for the People of Libya

Photo: ©Iason Athanasiadis / UNSMIL, 2014
Status: Active
Duration: 2018 - 2022
Budget: US$ 27,667,314
Coverage: All of Libya
Beneficiaries: Libyan citizens
Focus Area: Democratic Governance and Peacebuilding
Project Manager:  Filip Warnants (filip.warnants@undp.org)
Project Document: Annex 1 – “Description of the Action”
Partners: High National Elections Commission (HNEC)

What is the project about?

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) project, “Promoting Elections for the People of Libya” (PEPOL) supports the capacity and readiness of Libya’s High National Elections Commission (HNEC) to prepare and conduct electoral events.

Libya’s Presidential and Parliamentary elections represent a major milestone in the UN-facilitated Libyan-led and Libyan-owned political process; and are an important step toward the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and national unity of Libya.

Objectives

PEPOL is designed to:

1. Support the planning, preparation for and conduct of balloting events.

2. Develop HNEC institutional and staff capacities to conduct electoral processes that are transparent, credible and that promote inclusive participation.  

3. Promote public participation in electoral processes, particularly among vulnerable groups.

4. Raise the electoral awareness of local partners and institutions, enabling them to perform their roles effectively in the process.

What have we accomplished?

With the technical advice and support provided by PEPOL:

- In 2021, HNEC provided technical advice on electoral systems and mechanisms to the Libyan Parliament, as it established a legal framework for elections. This has been instrumental to the establishment of the Presidential and Parliamentary Election Laws that will now serve as a basis for planning and conduct of democratic elections in Libya.

- HNEC has developed operational plans, policies and procedures for conducting elections, transparently and according to the legislative framework.

- During a voter registration top-up exercise, HNEC registered 514,942 new voters between 4 July and 17 August 2021.

- Prioritizing full enfranchisement, HNEC registered 25,148 internally displaced persons, of whom 44 per cent are female.

- HNEC has developed an out-of-country voter register, enfranchising Libyans abroad.  Having registered 6,235 out-of-country voters between 18 August and 17 September 2021, a total of 10,720 voters are now able to participate in elections from outside of Libya.

- In total, there are now more than 2.8 million registered Libyan voters – roughly 60 per cent of the population – of whom 43 per cent are female. Notably, the HNEC’s SMS-based voter registration system has proven to be an effective way to reduce personal contact and virus exposure.

- For the first time, Libyan voters will receive voter identification cards, as an additional security feature, to enhance the credibility of the electoral process. Integrating a card-production component to the SMS-based voter registration system, cards have been printed; procedures for issuing cards have been published; software has been developed for nationwide reporting and monitoring of the process; and staff is trained to facilitate card issuing, which is now taking place.

- Since 5 October, the HNEC has been accrediting national and international media and election observers, strengthening confidence in and integrity of the electoral process.

- HNEC began the registration and nomination process for the presidential and parliamentary candidates on 8 November. In advance of this process, HNEC reviewed regulations and procedures, developed software, availed candidate endorsement forms online, and trained staff to facilitate the process.

- With elections to be held in the very near future, polling materials – including ballot boxes and polling kits – have been produced and election ballots are designed to include multiple security features.

-  In addition to this, as a response to the global COVID-19 pandemic, declared by the World Health Organization, an operational guidance document was developed on the conduct of massive operations like elections, with processes that require personal interaction, while maintaining safety and hygiene standards and mitigating risk of infection. This guide has informed the amendment of election procedures, to maintain electoral integrity and principles, while prioritizing health and safety.

Donors Contributions

FUNDING SUPPORT BY  
Donor Contribution (US$)
European Union

7,619,240

Italy 3,071,741
Germany

 2,214,834

The Netherlands

1,666,666

France

976,443

UK

413,223

Switzerland

180,000

TOTAL 15,512,148

 

Funding Support by

Amount contributed

$36,068,322

Delivery in previous fiscal year

2022 $692,535

2021 $8,210,785

2020 $2,052,610

2019 $4,590,775

2018 $3,575,731

2017 $0

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