UNDP in Libya
Who we are
UNDP is the United Nations global development network advocating for sustainable development and inclusive economic growth. UNDP started to work in Libya in 1976.
Libya’s dramatic political transition in 2011 was followed by political instability and armed conflict. In 2015, the UN brokered the Libyan Political Agreement (LPA) which formed a new "unity" authority - the Presidency Council headed by Prime Minister-designate Fayez Sarraj. However, a year after the agreement, the House of Representatives based in Tubruk, rejected the Government of National Accord (GNA) proposed by PM-designate Serraj. After years of conflict, Libya remains confronted by persistently weak and fragmented governance and security structures, a widespread lack of access to basic services, as well as high levels of food insecurity, growing unemployment, economic volatility and civil unrest. The appointment of the interim executive authority opens new opportunities for peace, reconciliation and development in the country, however, the rapid spread of COVID-19, in the case of Libya, only adds to the internal security, political and economic crises.
The development challenge
Libya witnessed gradually deepening political conflict, insecurity and economic challenges since the revolution of 2011. The intensification of the conflict since July 2014 led to a significant loss of life and to the displacement of nearly 434,000 Libyans. The conflict left critical infrastructure and basic social services destroyed, with women and children, being among the most vulnerable. Water supply, sanitation and electricity services are also disrupted – though in an uneven manner across the country. Policy-making and public finance management in Tripoli is paralyzed. The newly-elected municipalities are trying to address people’s humanitarian and development needs, but with the lack of resources, recognition and guidance, they can hardly manage the ongoing crisis.
Vulnerabilities of migrant communities
Libya is an important transit and destination country for migrants. Refugees and migrants transiting or staying in Libya face dire living conditions and are victims of physical and mental abuses, discrimination, forced and unpaid labour, financial exploitation, gender based violence, arbitrary arrest and detention, and marginalization. Many become easy targets for smugglers and human trafficking networks that promise high-risk journeys across the Mediterranean Sea. Thousands of migrants and refugees continue to lose their lives in an attempt to reach Europe.
The economic challenge
Libya’s economic situation is precarious. Oil and gas typically represents 70% of Libya’s GDP. The decline in oil exports from US$ 60.9 billion in 2012 to US$ 8.4 billion in 2015, has severely impacted government revenue, devastating public services, in particular the health and education systems. Increasingly erratic power supply, high inflation and food shortages are common. In 2016, suspension of some subsidies, mainly on food contributed to a sharp increase in prices, particularly in remote regions and the capital city Tripoli.
What we do
We help countries to develop policies, leadership skills, partnering abilities, institutional capabilities and build resilience in order to sustain development results. In Libya, over the years, we have re-aligned our support to meet emerging priorities in the country.
Since the outbreak of conflict in 2014 and the deteriorating humanitarian situation, we continue to support Libya's transition to an inclusive political agreement, accountable governance, stabilization, economic recovery and resilience.
Many of our initiatives have moved from nationally-implemented projects to direct implementation on the ground.
What do we want to accomplish?
UNDP aims to support Libya’s transition to an inclusive political agreement through urgent rehabilitation of critical public services, expansion of dialogue between different stakeholders, support to constitutional processes underway and strengthened national and local capacities to be able to address the urgent needs of citizens.
UNDP Libya's Country Programme Document (CPD) (2019-2020) has two key outcome areas:
- Effective, inclusive and accountable governance institutions
- Inclusive access to public services and economic opportunities
How do we work?
In Libya, UNDP partners with the Government, municipal governments, non-governmentals organizations, civil societies, the private sector, UN agencies and other organizations.
We focuses on helping Libya build and share solutions in two main areas:
- Sustainable development
- Democratic governance and peacebuilding
- Gender equality and women empowerment
In all our activities, we encourage the protection of human rights and the empowerment of women, minorities and the poorest and most vulnerable.
Human Development Index
Life expectancy at birth
Gender Inequality Index (Value)
Expected years of schooling
Internally Displaced Persons in need
Urban population (% of Population)