Goal 15: Life on land
Human life depends on the earth as much as the ocean for our sustenance and livelihoods. Plant life provides 80 percent of our human diet, and we rely on agriculture as an important economic resource and means of development. Forests account for 30 percent of the Earth’s surface, providing vital habitats for millions of species and important sources for clean air and water; as well as being crucial for combating climate change.
Today we are seeing unprecedented land degradation, and the loss of arable land at 30 to 35 times the historical rate. Drought and desertification is also on the rise each year, amounting to the loss of 12 million hectares and affects poor communities globally. Of the 8,300 animal breeds known, 8 percent are extinct and 22 percent are at risk of extinction.
The SDGs aim to conserve and restore the use of terrestrial ecosystems such as forests, wetlands, drylands and mountains by 2020. Halting deforestation is also vital to mitigating the impact of climate change. Urgent action must be taken to reduce the loss of natural habitats and biodiversity which are part of our common heritage.
Around 1.6 billion people depend on forests for their livelihoods.
Forests are home to more than 80 percent of all terrestrial species of animals, plants and insects.
Worldwide, 2.6 billion people depend directly on agriculture to earn a living.
Of the 8,300 animal breeds known, 8 percent are extinct and 22 percent are at risk of extinction.
8 out of 10
Up to as 80 percent of people living in rural areas in developing countries rely on traditional plant-based medicines for basic healthcare.
Of the more than 80,000 tree species, less than 1 percent have been studied for potential use.