Areas of work
Given the nature of the old political system, there is limited experience in organizing democratic processes.
UNDP works in an integrated team led by United Nations Support Mission in Libya (UNSMIL) with the involvement of other organizations such as UNOPS, the International Organization for Migration (IOM) and IFES). UNDP’s Libya Election Support Project (LEAP) manages the provision of needed logistical, operational, technical and advisory assistance to facilitate electoral processes such as legislative and presidential elections, and the referendum on the new constitution.
UNDP also capitalizes on synergies between its various initiatives in electoral assistance such as joint support with the project, Support to Civil Engagement for Libya’s Transition (SCELT) in empowering Libyan civil society to support civic engagement and electoral awareness.
Rule of law and transitional justice
Working with the Support Mission and UNODC, UNDP is assisting in strengthening the capacity of rule-of-law institutions such as the:
- Ministries of Justice and Interior;
- High Judicial Council;
- High Judicial Institute, Judicial Police; and
- Fact-finding and Reconciliation Commission
All of the above is in support of ongoing national efforts to restore justice and security in accordance with international human rights principles.
While working with the Support Mission on human rights, rule of law and transitional justice, UNDP also focuses on access to justice for the conflict-affected population, including legal aid services and judicial reform, through technical advisory and operational services to develop the systems and capacities of those institutions.
Constitution-building and parliamentary strengthening
In complementing the work of UNSMIL, UNDP Libya is engaged in the constitution-making processes and the establishment of the newly elected National Congress. Building on its long experience of supporting post-conflict democracies, and parliamentary strengthening UNDP is supporting the newly elected parliament in delivering on its mandate, which includes leading the legal reform needed for alignment with the new constitution and building the nucleus of an effective, efficient administration for future elected assemblies.
Civic engagement, empowerment of civil society organizations, media and academic institutions is critical at this stage of strengthening democratic institutions and establishing of sustainable, accountable and transparent governance and rule of law systems.
UNDP, in close coordination and collaboration with the Ministry of Planning and Ministry of Culture and Civil Society, is using its regional and global networks to transfer knowledge and comparative experience to empower institutions and raise awareness about monitoring democratic processes.
Specific attention is paid to areas such as gender-related issues and international standards, so that human rights and anti-corruption measures become an integral part of the constitutional and legislative reform processes. UNDP is also developing and facilitating the implementation of targeted civic education programmes for that purpose.
Public administration reform
Building the capacity of ministries and developing their professional standards in public administration has the highest priority in the process of state building.
UNDP is working with the Ministry of Planning to strengthen the leadership, strategic planning, management, data collection and monitoring capacity of selected sectoral ministries and local governments. This, in turn, will enhance the development and quality of reporting on progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.
UNDP intends also to ensure that knowledge and know-how is transferred to academic and training institutions, including the Civil Service Training Institute, so that a culture of knowledge management and knowledge transfer is established.