6 Promote gender equality and empower women

Where we are?

The last MDG assessment (in 2008) states the progress made through leglislation granting equal rights and duties to men and women, which contained provisions on equality between the sexes and the universal right to free education - dating back to the Education Act of 1952. All amendments made thereafter to the Education Act are understood to have maintained this principle.

The former assessment also states the ratio of women to men in education, in that women´s enrolment had increased compared to male enrolment in all levels of education, but especially in higher and secondary education. The assessment further stated that women´s enrollment was 20,6% lower than men´s in 1995, while by 2006 it was 12.8% higher (than that of men).

The number of students enrolled in primary school was around 1,082,105 in the 2006-2007 school year. Of these around 523,000 were said to be girls, accounting for about 48,4% of all students. The number of boys was around 557,700, representing 51,6 of all students. The enrollment ratio in primary education in 2007 was about 98,2% of the total population in the age group corresponding to the relevant stage of education.

UNDP´s Work in Libya

In light of the most-recent political change in Libya and the subsequent national (re)prioritizing by the newly elected Government of Libya, as well as the mentioned validity concerns of previous MDG data and indicators, UNDP is reviewing and re-aligning its MDG-related programming. As a result, revised targets will be published in this section of the website.

Targets for MDG3
  1. Elimination of gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005, and at all levels by 2015
    • Ratios of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education
    • Ratio of literate women to men, in the age group of 15-24 years
    • Share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector
    • Proportion of seats held by women in national parliament