• Dec 20, 2011

    The adoption of the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights (TRIPS Agreement) within the framework of the World Trade Organization (WTO) dramatically altered the international landscape on intellectual property, particularly as it relates to access to medicines. One of the stated objectives of the TRIPS Agreement was to contribute to technological innovation and to the transfer and dissemination of technology, to the mutual advantage of producers and users of technology in a manner conducive to social and economic welfare, and to a balance of rights and obligations. When efforts by developing countries to use TRIPS flexibilities to increase access to medicines resulted in disputes between right holders and users of technology, developing-country WTO Member States sought clarification on the relationship between the TRIPS Agreement and public health. This led to the adoption of the Doha Declaration on the TRIPS Agreement and Public Health in November 2001.

  • Mar 1, 2006

    The report emphasizes the need for greater involvement of private sector in AIDS response. Even though it is undeniable that certain private entities could provide a crucial support to the mobilization of financial resources, this point of view is only one part of the story and does not fully recognize the great potential of private entities in the regional HIV/AIDS response.

  • Jan 8, 2008

    The Mainstreaming handbook builds on the key frameworks and training materials developed by the UNDP Regional Program based in South Africa, and through intensive field testing and trainings in Ethiopia.

  • Jun 11, 2012

    This report builds directly on the 2010 UNAIDS report, Mobility, Migration and HIV Vulnerability of Populations along the Ports of the Red Sea and the Gulf of Aden: Synthesis, desk review and exploratory studies. The report provides a literature review and updated situational analysis of the HIV vulnerability factors experienced by key populations in Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia, Sudan and Yemen1. It presents a response analysis for activities completed under this initiative in 2011, and to consider lessons from programming experiences outside of the region.

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